A 20-year study links high red meat consumption with colon cancer, but a second study fails to show a correlation between high fruit and vegetable consumption and reduced breast cancer risk.

In an accompanying editorial, Dr. Walter C. Willett, at Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, comments that, despite the negative results for breast cancer risk, “reductions in blood pressure and epidemiological evidence for lower risks of cardiovascular disease provide sufficient reason to consume” fruits and vegetables in abundance.

Regarding the association between meat consumption and colorectal cancer, he adds, “prudence would suggest that red meat, and processed meats in particular, should be eaten sparingly to minimize risk.”